After having worked on fish ecology during my PhD and the individual-based modelling of animal populations during the first fifteen years of my stay at NIOO, my research interest gradually evolved into my current focus on social-ecological interactions in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in the context of the Anthropocene. My first interest in this type of research arose during my collaboration with Dr Andrea Downing (now working at the Stockholm Resilience Centre) during her PhD project the social-ecological consequences of the Nile Perch invasion of Lake Victoria. Thereafter, this line of research expanded during my collaboration with Dr. Jan Kuiper (now also working at the Stockholm Resilience Centre), Dr. Luuk van Gerven (now at Wageningen Environmental Research) and Dr Annette Janssen (now at Wageningen University) on social-ecological studies on eutrophication of surface waters in the Netherlands (funded by Stowa) and China (funded by NWO) and continues in my collaboration with Manqi Chang (funded by the CSC). With Dianneke van Wijk MSc, Lilith Kramer MSc, Hilde Vaessen MSc en Dr Sven Teurlincx I work on the interaction of water quality and nutrient retention in networks of surface waters with the aim to turn these systems into Smart Nutrient Retention Networks. This work is funded by WUR, NWO and four water boards. Part of this work takes place in the area of Nationaal Park Hollandse Duinen, a new style National Park in the Netherlands that aims to identify, protect, restore and enhance the high quality of the Dutch coastal landscape. Currently, I am applying for funding to expand my work in the area of Nationaal Park Hollandse Duinen to synergistically combine fundamental social-ecological research with area-oriented studies.