Microbial Networks controlling soil greenhouse gases emissions

Project 2014–2019
Microbial Networks in control of greenhouse gases emissions in Bio-based agriculture-MiniBag

Details

Department
Microbial Ecology
Research group
Kuramae Group
Funding
NWO - Dutch Research Council
FAPESP/BIOEN (Brazil)

There is a substantial data on the relation between the activity of individual microbial species and of communities on the production of greenhouse gases (GHGs). However, the understanding of the interactive networks operating in soil and the impact of bio-based agricultural practices thereon is largely missing. Here we seek here to (i) provide fundamental scientific information on the role of the microbial networks functioning in soil and their relationship with the production of GHGs and (ii) validate the concepts on these networks in a range of Brazilian and Dutch soils and agricultural management systems with different organic matter input rates. In addition, this proposal will allow for the development of optimized management recommendations for fertilizer, vinasse and trash, accountings of ecosystem services provided by bio-energy systems, and the build-up of a scientific basis for a rational bio-based crops management.

Dynamics and resilience of soil mycobiome under multiple organic and inorganic pulse disturbances
Dynamics and resilience of soil mycobiome under multiple organic and inorganic pulse disturbances. Resilience of the resident soil microbiome to organic and inorganic amendment disturbances and to temporary bacterial invasion.
Recycling organic residues in agriculture impacts soil-borne microbial community structure, function and N2O emissions
Recycling organic residues in agriculture impacts soil-borne microbial community structure, function and N2O emissions.
Dominance of bacterial ammonium oxidizers and fungaldenitrifiers in the complex nitrogen cycle pathways related tonitrous oxide emission
Dominance of bacterial ammonium oxidizers and fungal denitrifiers in the complex nitrogen cycle pathways related to nitrous oxide emission.
Nitrosospira sp. Govern Nitrous Oxide Emissions in a Tropical Soil Amended With Residues of Bioenergy Crop
Nitrosospira sp. Govern Nitrous Oxide Emissions in a Tropical Soil Amended With Residues of Bioenergy Crop
Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and fungal denitrifier diversity are associated with N2O production in tropical soils
Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and fungal denitrifier diversity are associated with N2O production in tropical soils

FAPESP BIOEN Program Highlights

Details

Department
Microbial Ecology
Research group
Kuramae Group
Funding
NWO - Dutch Research Council
FAPESP/BIOEN (Brazil)

Experts

Strategies to mitigate the nitrous oxide emissions from nitrogen fertilizer applied with organic fertilizers in sugarcane.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.037