Lilith Kramer

Lilith Kramer MSc

Send message

Visiting Address

Droevendaalsesteeg 10
6708 PB Wageningen

+31 (0) 317 47 34 00

The Netherlands



I love to provide water managers with tools to make their decision making easier


Lilith Kramer received her Masters of Science at the University of Utrecht in 2015. Upon finishing her Masters, she worked at Deltares in Delft as a researcher and consultant on freshwater ecology and water quality with a focus on modelling. In 2019 she started her PhD at the Netherlands Institute of Ecology. The topic of her PhD is a social-ecological perspective on nutrient management in surface water networks.

Research groups



  • 2019–Present
    PhD at NIOO-KNAW
  • 2015–2019
    Researcher and Consultant at Deltares


Key publications

Limnology and Oceanography: Methods

Flipping Lakes: Explaining concepts of catchment-scale water management through a serious game

M. Armstrong, L. Kramer, L.N. de Senerpont Domis, D. van Wijk, A.S. Gsell, W.M. Mooij, S. Teurlincx
Ongoing anthropogenic and climatic pressures on inland waters have made water quality management a challenge of the 21st century. A holistic catchment-scale approach to water management which includes stakeholder participation will be a key in maintaining lake health. A first step toward community engagement is to bolster environmental literacy on lake management, ecology, and eutrophication concepts of stakeholders now and in future generations. However, communicating with nonwater professionals about effects of pollution on water quality and catchment-scale interactions across space and time can be difficult. Here, we present “Flipping Lakes,” a games-based method for lake professionals to communicate and educate about catchment-level water quality management to diverse audiences. In Flipping Lakes, the players take on the role of water managers in a catchment and are tasked to prevent a lake from “flipping” from a clear to a turbid state. During the game, the catchment slowly becomes polluted by a range of sources of which the effects are exacerbated by societal or climatic scenarios. Players need to implement measures while taking into consideration the intrinsic properties of the catchment in order to keep lakes clean. The game was tested with a diverse range of user groups and was well-received. With its entertaining and accessible content, Flipping Lakes can lower communication barriers and increase understanding of difficult water quality concepts. The game is highly customizable, making it applicable to a variety of settings to support education and engagement of stakeholders and the broader community in order to address local water challenges around the globe.

Projects & collaborations


  • Flipping Lakes

    Project 2020–Present
    Flipping Lakes is a serious game, showing the threats and the solutions in our world full of water.
    Flipping Lakes
  • PCModel: Ecosystem models PCLake, PCLake+ en PCDitch

    Project 1995–Present
    PCModel: Ecosystem models PCLake, PCLake+ en PCDitch
    NIOO has a long history in developing, maintaining, applying and doing research with the ecosystem models PCLake(+) and PCDitch. Among others, NIOO maintains the PCmodel github page where the model can be found and downloaded from: